February 22

February Revolution: The workers at the Putilov Plant in Petrograd went on strike.

February 23

February Revolution: A series of demonstrations were held, demanding the end of the Russian autocracy and the end of Russian participation in World War I.

February 25

February Revolution: A battalion of soldiers was sent to Petrograd to end the uprising.

February 26 Revolution: Nicholas ordered the dissolution of the Fourth Duma. The Duma ignored his order and decreed the establishment of a Provisional Government with Georgy L'vov as

Prime Minister.

February 27 February Revolution: The soldiers sent to suppress the protestors defected and joined them. Menshevik leaders were freed from the Peter and Paul Fortress and founded the Petrograd Soviet.

March 2 February Revolution: Nicholas abdicated the throne.

March 17 A legislative council, the Tsentralna Rada, was founded in Ukraine.

March 30 The Provisional Government established the autonomous province of Estonia and scheduled elections to an Estonian legislative body, the Maapäev.

May 10 The Rumcherod, the Soviet government of southwestern Ukraine and Bessarabia, was established.

June 23 The Tsentralna Rada ratified Ukrainian autonomy.

July 3 July Days: A spontaneous pro-soviet demonstration occurred on the streets of Petrograd.

July 6 July Days: The rebellion was put down. The Provisional Government ordered the arrest of Bolshevik leaders.

July 14 The Maapäev took office.

July 21 Alexander Kerensky succeeded L'vov as Prime Minister.

August 27 Kornilov Affair: General Lavr Kornilov ordered an army corps to Petrograd to destroy the soviets.

August 29 Kornilov Affair: The Provisional Government armed tens of thousands of Red Guards to defend Petrograd.

August 31 Kornilov Affair: Kornilov was arrested. September 4 Under public pressure, Bolshevik leaders were released from prison.

October 23 Estonian Bolsheviks under Jaan Anvelt captured the capital, Tallinn.

October 25 October Revolution: Soldiers directed by the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet captured the Winter Palace, ending the power of the Russian Provisional Government. The Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets convened. Menshevik and moderate SR representatives walked out to protest the October Revolution. The Congress established and elected the Sovnarkom, and Lenin its first chairman, to run the country between sessions.

October 26 The Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets issued the Decree on Peace, promising an end to Russian participation in World War I, and the Decree on Land, approving the expropriation of land from the nobility.

November 21 The Moldavian legislature, the Sfatul Ţării, held its first meeting.

December 5 A local nationalist group, the Alash Orda, established an autonomous government in Kazakhstan.

December 6 The Finnish parliament issued a declaration of independence.

December 7 The Cheka was established.

December 12 A Muslim republic, the Idel-Ural State, was established in central Russia.

December 25 Ukrainian Bolsheviks established the Soviet Ukrainian Republic in Kharkiv.

December 27 Russian Civil War: The counterrevolutionary Volunteer Army was established.

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